Founded in 1857 by Alexander Wilson as Alex Wilson and Company, the company was primarily involved in the manufacture of pumps and marine engines. In 1897 it adopted the name Vauxhall Iron Works and in 1903 it built its first car.

Bought out in 1925 by General Motors, the company was seen as luxury brand prior to World War II. In 1930 it established Beford to be its commercial vehicle brand. Since the late 1970s and 1980s, most Vauxhall vehicles have been rebadged Opels, although it has retailed rear-wheel drive Holdens under its VXR performance badge recently.

Due to consistent losses since the turn of the millennium, GM sold Vauxhall and Opel to Group PSA, owners of Peugeot and Citroen, in 2017. Within a year, PSA turned Opel/Vauxhall around to profitability.


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