SEAT is an acronym, with its letters standing for Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo, which roughly translates as Spanish Touring Car Company.
After several stalled attempts, the company was founded in 1950 by the Franco government as the country’s national car company. Until the early 1980s, Seat had a very close relationship with Italy’s Fiat.
When that connection was severed, Seat began developing its own models, although still using modified Fiat platforms. Volkswagen bought a controlling shareholding in 1986, which it soon upped to full ownership.